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How to check if a file is open or not using Cocoa/Objective-C?

First let me make it clear that we are not discussing about finding if a application is running or not, which can be found out very easily by using  [[NSWorkspace sharedWorkspace]  runningApplications].

We are going to discuss how if we can, get the information about a file that whether it is open or not through a Cocoa Application.

Before going further down in the topic let us consider following scenarios to understand the need of the discussion.

1. A Cocoa application might be concerned with performance enhancement and for that it might need to find and list out the opened files.

2. A application might need to find the port associated with a daemon.

3. A application might need to constantly monitor a document or documents in a particular directory and when user close that document after editing, it has to perform certain tasks.

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